Attractions of ASI Thrissur Circle

VISHNU TEMPLE (KADAVALLUR)
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BRIEF HISTORY: Twenty nine wooden images on the outer walls of the srikoil of the Vishnu temple and other works of art in the same shrine (kadavallur).The Vishnu temple dedicated o Rama was significant centre for Vedic studies in ancient India and continues to be so. The temple is square and belongs to the Kerala architecture style of thirteenth century A.D and is adorned with wooden bracket images on its walls.



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BURIAL CAVE KAKKAD (KUNNAMKULAM) :

BRIEF HISTORY:

The Megalithic burial cave at Kakkad is situated on the slope of a hill 2km north of the town of Kunnamkulam, district Thrissur. It has a narrow entrance on the east, accessed by a flight of steps.

The cave is dome-shaped and paraboloid on plan with almost straight edge on the entrance side. Running along the northern side, there is a single sectoral bench, to the south of which is a rock circular block.

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BURIAL CAVE (KANDANASSERY) :

BRIEF HISTORY: The Megalithic rock cut cave at Kandanassery is situated 1km south of Ariyannur, district Thrissur. This is a rock-cut burial cave of the Iron Age. The chamber, entered through a recessed opening, has a hemispherical dome and paraboloid floor. It has a bench cut out of the rock on all its sides except at the entrance. The site is a centrally protected monument under the control of Archaeological Survey of India since 1951.


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BURIAL CAVE (KATTAKAMBAL) :

BRIEF HISTORY: The Megalithic burial cave at Kattakambal located two km west of Kattakambal which lies about ten kilometres North West of Kunnamkulam, district Thrissur. It is multi-chambered cave, each chamber provided with a bench cut out of the rock. It is a multi chambered cave comprising four ante chambers, two of them are situated laterally, facing east while the remaining two chambers situated opposite to each other across the outer court, faces north and south. Chambers on the northern side are replicas of the chambers on the east- west median line, bisecting the entire composite cave into two halves. The floors are rectangular and ceilings horizontal. The site is a centrally protected monument under the control of Archaeological Survey of India since 1951.

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SIVA TEMPLE (PALLIMANAH) :

BRIEF HISTORY: Siva temple at Pallimanah is located at about 3 km North West of Vadakkancherry, district Thrissur. It is a typical Dravida-Kerala temple with square garbhagriha and conical roof covered with copper plates. The mural paintings on the outer wall of the garbhagriha are excellent specimens of the mural art of seventeenth- eighteenth century A.D murals include Siva and Mohini, Kiratarjuneyam, Mahalakshmi, Siva as Kirata, Saraswathi, Dakshinamurti, Sankara Narayana, Kiratarjuniyam, Siva vanquishing the demon Jalandara, Sree Rama Pattabhisheka, Indra with many eyes, Gopalakrishna, Kaliyamardana, Krishna lifting Govardhanagiri Muralidhara etc... The colour scheme is also typical of Kerala style having green for Vishnu, white for Siva and black for evil spirit etc.

The site is a centrally protected monument under the control of Archaeological Survey of India since 1983.


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SIVA TEMPLE COMPLEX (THIRUVANCHIKULAM) :

BRIEF HISTORY: This is the holiest shrine for the Salivates of south India with the association of Sundaramuthi Nayanar and the king Cheramanperumal of the ninth century A.D. The vimana is modeled after the temple style. The temple consists of a sandhara square garbhagriha preceded by a narrow mukhamandapa axially followed by a namaskara mandapa. The garbhagriha carries a dvitala vimana. The original shrine was a brick temple reconditioned during the tenth- eleventh century A.D. the walls of the Siva temple are decorated with mural paintings of sixteenth- seventeenth century A.D. Two slokas in Malayalam characters datable to Kollam Era 1006(1830 A.D) engraved on the eastern base of the mandapa state that the minister of king Ramavarma of Cochin erected the deepamadam (lamp pavilion). Another verse in Malayalam datable to Kollam Era 976(1800 A.D) found on the east and a south base of the namaskaramandapa refers about the restoration work done by a person named Govinda. The only walls of the Srilovil are adorned with mural paintings .They are mainly Nataraja Siva , Sasta on hunt, Sree Rama pattabhishekam , Sakthi panjakshari, Aghora Siva etc. The site is a centrally protected monument under the control of Archaeological Survey of India since 1982.


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MURAL PAINTINGS ON THE WALLS OF THE SRI RAMASWAMI TEMPLE (THIRPRIYAR) :

BRIEF HISTORY: This Vaishnavite temple, dedicated to Rama, is a typical Dravida-Kerala vimana datable to twelfth century A.D. the mural paintings on the walls of the garbhagriha and the wood carvings are excellent art works of the seventeenth- eighteenth century A.D. like the Vadakkunnatha, this temple is externally circular with a square namaskara mandapa which is supported y four outer and twelve inner pillars. The temple has an ekatala vimana built on a massive adhisthana.
This temple is a centrally protected monument under the control of Archaeological Survey of India since 1982.

 

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TENKAILASANTHA TEMPLE (VADAKKUNNATHA, THRISSUR) :

BRIEF HISTORY: This is a typical representing the Kerala-Dravida style. Here, two circular and the square vimana in the first prakara together with namaskara mandapa, balipitha and gopura-dvaras represent a complete Kerala temple complex, datable to circa twelfth century A.D. The most important is the northern most circular sandhara temple of Vadakkunnatha (Siva), followed by smaller circular shrine of Sankaranarayana while the square Rama temple is further south. The Vadakkunnatha is a circular ekatala vimana, with a conical roof covered with copper sheets. Its interior has two rows of twelve and sixteen pillars surrounding the sanctum proper. The walls of the Vadakkumnatha temple are decorated with excellent mural paintings of sixteenth-seventeenth century AD. Two inscriptions datable to 11 th Century A.D found in the temple refer to the place as Tiruchchaperur and Tiruchchuperur . The site is a centrally protected monument under the control of Archaeological Survey of India since 1982.


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SIVA TEMPLE, CHEMMANTHITTA, THRISSUR :

BRIEF HISTORY:Siva Temple is located in Thalapilly Taluk of District Thrissur.It is a circular temple of Kerala Dravida style .The temple is built on a moulded adhisthana and the over that stands Bhitt i made out of laterite and superstructure is of typical Kerala timber architecture.

An incomplete entrance gate is made out of laterite and is embellished with sala and kuta motif. A beautiful stepped tank is seen on the temple premises.

Excellent mural paintings are seen on the outer walls of the garbhagriha is dated to the 17 th -18 th Century A.D. The paintings included Sree Rama pattabhishekam, Nataraja, Visnu, Mohini, Kaliya Mardana, Dakshinamurthi, Namboothiri performing Ganesha Puja, Sastha on hunt, Sadasiva, Indra with thousand eyes, Narasimha, Kirathasunu, Markandeya Purana, Durga on the lion, Kiratarjuniyam, Krishnaleela, Venugopalakrishna, Umamaheshvara, Yasodara, etc.The site is a centrally protected monument under the control of Archaeological Survey of India since 1982.


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JAINA TEMPLE (SULTAN BATTERY) :

BRIEF HISTORY: The present Jaina temple represents the remains of a large Jaina Basadi datable to the fourteenth century A.D. The temple resembles the late Chola vimana and consists of a square garbhagriha, ardhamandapa, closed mandapa and a detached portico. Originally, the temple was enclosed by a cloister, which is in ruins.

The site is a centrally protected monument under the control of Archaeological Survey of India since 1921.


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MATTANCHERRY PALACE (MATTANCHERRY, KOCHI) :

BRIEF HISTORY : The Mattancherry palace was built by the Portuguese in 1555 A.D for Raja Vira Kerala Varma (1537-61 A.D), as a gesture of their cordiality. It was subsequently repaired by the Dutch who succeeded the Portuguese and had since then called the Dutch Palace. The nature of its arches and the generous proportions of its chambers represent features of European architecture. The palace is constructed in the form of a Nalukettu (quadrilateral structure). But, its indigenous features are marked by wooden coffered ceilings and mezzanine flower arrangements. The central courtyard enshrines the Pazhayannur Bhagavati, the patron deity of the Kochi royal family.

The palace is a quadrangular structure. The main room in this palace are the palliarai or bed chamber (Ramayana room), the coronation hall, Kovinithalam ( staircase room ) , and the lower ladies chamber .The palliarai and ladies chamber especially carry on all their four walls the magnificent mural paintings, as many as fifty seven of them, covering a total wall area of nearly 1000sq.ft. The mural paintings depicting various mythological scenes from the Ramayana and Mahabharata represent medieval Kerala mural tradition. The mural paintings in the palace belong to three periods. The earliest are the Krishnalila scenes depicting mostly Krishna sporting with gopis which are datable to the end of the sixteenth century. The largest series of murals dating from the beginning of the seventeenth century narrate the entire story of the Ramayana from the performance of the putrakameshti sacrifice for the birth of the four princes till the returns of Rama, Site and Lakbl ana to Ayodhya after vanqu Ravanc. The third series datable to the eighteenth century depicts various Hindu gods and goddesses.


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SIVA TEMPLE, AVITTATHUR, THRISSUR:

BRIEF HISTORY: The temple is located 3 km south east of Irinjalakkuda in Mukundapuram taluk of Thrissur district. The structures include srikovil, namaskaramandapa, chuttambalam, vilakkumadam, valiya-balikkal, dhwaja, natapantal, deepasthambhas, gopura , prakara , subshrines, well and a tank. The temple has inscription in vattezhuttu on either side of the entrance of the srikovil . The records were issued in the 20 th regnal year (937 AD) of Chera King Goda Ravi ( ko- kotai Iravi ). The Avittathur inscription is important as it mentions the Kadamkattu kacham (agreement) according to which the uralar and the potuval (secretary) came to be strictly controlled as in the case of the historic Muzhikkulam kacham . It is a centrally protected monument under the control of Archaeological Survey of India since 2008.

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Monuments

The Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Sites and Remains Act, 1958 defines an Ancient Monument ' . Ancient Monument means any structure, erection or monument, or any tumulus or place of interment, or any cave, rock-sculpture, inscription or monolith which is of historical, archaeological or artistic interest and which has been in existence for not less than 100 years .....

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Monuments under ASI Thrissur Circle


Ticketed Monuments

1 Fort Bekal, Pallikere


Monuments in Tamilnadu.

1 Ancient Site, Kunnathur.
2 Bagawathi Temple, Chitral.
3 Bhaktavalsala Temple, Cheramadevi.
4 Fort Vattakottai, Vattakottai.
5 Group of Sculptures Dolmens, Banagudisholai.

6 Parthasarathi Temple, Parthivapuram.
7 Rock Cut Cave, Thirunandikare.
8 Two Rock Cut Temples, Varunachimalai.
9 Valisvara Temple, Thiruvaliswaram.
10 Vivekananda Rock, Kanyakumari.


List Of Monuments in Kerala.


1 Burial Cave (Ancient site), Chowannur.
2 Burial Cave (Ancient site), Eyyal.
3 Burial Cave (Ancient site), Kakkad.
4 Burial Cave (Ancient site), Kandanaserry.
5 Burial Cave (Ancient site), Kattakambal.
6 Fort Anjengo, Trivandrum.
7 Fort Bekal, Kasargod.
8 Fort Palakkad.
9 Fort Tellicherry, Kannur.
10 Jain Temple, Sultan Battery.
11 Kodakkalluparambu, Cheramangad.
12 Mattanchery Palace, Kochi.
13 Mural Paintings on the walls of the Siva Temple, Chemmantthitta.
14 Mural Paintings of Vadakkunnatha Temple, Thrissur.
15 Mural Paintings on the walls of
Sri Rama Temple, Triprayar.

16 Remains of Fort, Kollam.
17 Rock Cut Cave, Vizhinjam.
18
Siva Temple, Avittathur.
19
Siva Temple, Netrimangalam.
20
Siva Temple, Pallimanah.
21
Siva Temple, Peruvanam.
22 Siva Temple, Thiruvallam.
23 Siva Temple, Thiruvanchikulam.
24 St. Angelo Fort, Kannur.
25 St. Francis Church, Kochi.
26 Umbrella Prehistoric site, Ariyannur.
27 Vishnu Temple, Kadavallur.

 
 

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