Attractions of ASI Thrissur Circle




MONUMENTS IN TAMILNADU WHICH IS UNDER THRISSUR CIRCLE
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BAGAWATI TEMPLE (CHITRAL)
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BRIEF HISTORY: Chitral is a village situated about 4kms to the north east of Kulitturai in Kanyakumari district. This village stands the small rocky hill called the Triuchcharanattu malai This is a complex of two monuments. The earlier one is a rock-cut Jaina structure having beds with inscriptions and drip-ledges, which constitute the earliest Jaina art vestiges of the southern most part of peninsular India. These monuments date from first century B.C. to sixth century A.D. The Jaina reliefs may represent the later phase. The Bhagavati temple was added during the early medieval period. The inscription on the southern side is written in Vatteluthu characters and in Tamil language. It belongs to the 28 th year of the reign of the Vikramaditya Varaguna Pandya. It records that Gunandagi- kurattigal the disciple of Arattanemi- bhatara of Peravakkudi gave some golden ornaments to Bhataraiyar ' of the Tiruchchanam malai.

An inscription engraved on the mandapa is written in Tamil characters dated to 475 K E ( 1300 AD ), states that one Narayanan, Tamil appalla Varaiyan of Rajavallapuram in the Kil Vembanadu gave some money for the expense of Bhagavati temple. The site is a centrally protected monument under the control of Archaeological Survey of India since 1964.

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ROCK-AMIDST SEA WHERE SWAMI VIVEKANADA MEDITATED (KANYAKUMARI BEACH) :

BRIEF HISTORY: This memorial is on two rocky islands projecting from the sea about 400m offshore. Swami Vivekananda came here in 1892 and sat on the rock meditating, before setting out as one of the India's most important religious crusaders. The mandapa which stands here in his memory was built in 1970 and reflects architectural styles from all over India.




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PARTHASARATHI AND KRISHNA TEMPLE (PARTHIVAPURAM) :

BRIEF HISTORY : Parthasarathi temple was built by the Ay king Karunandadakkan and consecrated in 857 A.D. The temple is a fine example of the tritala vimana, built on a square plan from adhisthana to sikhara . The temple facing the west consists of Garbhagriha , Pradakshina-patha and a projecting Mukha mandapa . The portico is associated with a flight of steps on either side. In front of the portico stands a Namaskara mandapa with granite base and tiled pyramidical roof. It is a sandhara vimana of the classical style

Representing the early phase Kerala temple architecture, the main shrine known as Parthasarathi temple is in fact a Vishnu shrine. The shrine is a classical sandhara vimana of the imperial Chola period (circa A.D.1000).


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ROCK CUT CAVE TEMPLE (THIRUNANDIKKARE) :

BRIEF HISTORY: Tirunandikkare rock cut cave temple is located in the Kalkulam (Taluk) of Kanyakumari district. The rock cut temple is excavated on the southern slope of a hillock, which lies in an east west orientation. This cave is excavated by the Ay ruler Vikramaditya Varaguna in 9 th Century A.D in simple Pandya style. The cave facing south has a cell on the western wall. There is a Siva linga inside the cell. The importance of the cave lies in the depictions of mural paintings of that period. The paintings include mahapurusha , elephant and palace scenes. These paintings represent the earliest phase of Kerala mural art. This cave has four inscriptions engraved one on each side of the entrance and others on each side of the pillars. They record donations made to the cave temple. The site is a centrally protected monument under the control of Archaeological Survey of India since 1963.


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VATTAKKOTTAI FORT (VATTAKKOTTAI) :

BRIEF HISTORY: The Vattakottai fort lies about 18 km east of Nagarkoil in Agastheeswaram taluk of district Kanyakumari. The depiction of fish design on the ceiling of the mandapa inside the fort led some scholars to trace the origin of the fort to Pandya kings (12 th century A.D.). It is one of the most popular tourist destinations in Tamilnadu. This fort was reconstructed in the 18 th century by the Venad kings of Travancore. Originally, a brick fort, it was strengthened by the Dutch Army General De'Lanoy with granite stone veneer. The British troops in 1809 demolished the major part of the Travancore lines, leaving the present Vattakottai fort intact. All the four sides of the inner fortification are provided with simple pillared mandapa with flat roof. The site is a centrally protected monument under the control of Archaeological Survey of India since 1966.



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GROUP OF SCULPTURES DOLMENS (BANAGUDISHOLAI) :

BRIEF HISTORY : The megalithic site Banagudisholai is situated in the forested hilly region of Nilgiris in the Kottagiri Taluk.

Megaliths in the Nilgiri area consist of Menhirs, dolmens, cists and where the orthostats are of stone slabs. The Banagudisholai megaliths represents the type specifically the sculptured dolmens. All dolmens have one side open in the eastern direction while the cists of some have sculptured orthostats. The sculptures are seen on the inner side of the orthostats. The sculptures are much worn out and they are of the type virakkals or maha satikalls (Memorial Stones ). The site is a centrally protected monument under the control of Archaeological Survey of India since 1922.


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BHAKTAVATSALA TEMPLE (CHERANMADEVI) :

BRIEF HISTORY : Cheranmadevi or Cheran- Mahadevi is located on the right bank of river Tamraparni and is about 16 kms from Tirunelveli. Known as Seramadevi Chaturvedi Mangalam, the temple dedicated to Vishnu is datable to the twelfth century A.D. this is a complete South Indian temple complex with all its units and is a contribution of the medieval Pandyas and Cholas. The temple contains late Chola and Pandya inscriptions. The inscriptions in the temple refers to this temple as Ramaswami temple chola located in Chaturvedimangalam built by Rajendra Chola I (1012A.D-1044 A.D).
The site is a centrally protected monument under the control of Archaeological Survey of India since 1921.


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TWO ROCK CUT TEMPELS WITH INSCRIPTIONS IN VARUNACHIMALAI (THIRUMALAPURAM) :

BRIEF HISTORY : The two rock cut cave temples of Pandya period (circa 750 A.D) are situated in the Sankaranarayanakoil Taluk in Tirunelveli district. They are excavated in the rocky hill known as Varunachimalai . Among the two caves one is finished and other is unfinished. The finished one is more significant with rectangular ardhamandapa entered through a flight of steps and cells on the western walls. It contains Pandya bas-relief sculptures and two inscriptions of later date. This temple has the bas-relief of the trinity, where four handed Vishnu in the middle with two dwarfs on either side in anjali mudra are depicted. The attributes like sankha and chakra on upper two hands and lower hands kept on the lap. Seated Ganesha is seen next to him. Siva is seen on the other side. There is also an ante-chamber. These figures are excellent examples of the Pandya art.

An inscription of 12 th Century mentions a gift of land to the temple by a prince named Chakravartin Srivallabhadeva The site is a centrally protected monument under the control of Archaeological Survey of India since 1922.

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VALISVARA TEMPLE (TIRUVALISVARAM) :

BRIEF HISTORY: The Valisvara temple at Tiruvalisvaram lies at about 40km west of Tirunelveli This is a unique temple in Pandimadalam, dedicated to Siva, with a stone vimana from upana to stupi. It is datable to A.D 900-960. The exhibits various artistic forms Brahmical themes, noteworthy being the earliest Parvati in Panchagnitapas. There are number of Chola, Chola-Pandya, Pandya inscriptions on the walls of the temple. On the north wall of the central shrine is a record of Rajaraja I, dated in his eleventh year(996 A.D) relating to a gift of land. On the same wall a Vatteluthu inscription dated in the eighteen-year of a king whose name is not specified, mentions an agreement among the villagers of Rajaraja Chaturvedimangalam. Another inscription refers to Rajarajakesarivarman of Kandalur salai fame i.e Rajaraja I.The village is referred to as Rajaraja-chadurvedimangalam , a brahmadeyam in Mulli Nadu, a sub- division of Rajaraja valanadu. On a pillar near the bali-pitha , inscription recording the victories gained by a corps of the Chola army called Munru kai mahasenai . It further mentions that the temple of Tiruvalisvaram, its treasury and the temple servants were placed under the protection of this unit of the army.

The site is a centrally protected monument under the control of Archaeological Survey of India since 1919.


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ANCIENT SITE (KUNNATHUR) :

BRIEF HISTORY : An archaeological unexcavated site dating from early historical period

 






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Monuments

The Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Sites and Remains Act, 1958 defines an Ancient Monument ' . Ancient Monument means any structure, erection or monument, or any tumulus or place of interment, or any cave, rock-sculpture, inscription or monolith which is of historical, archaeological or artistic interest and which has been in existence for not less than 100 years .....

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Monuments under ASI Thrissur Circle


Ticketed Monuments

1 Fort Bekal, Pallikere


Monuments in Tamilnadu.

1 Ancient Site, Kunnathur.
2 Bagawathi Temple, Chitral.
3 Bhaktavalsala Temple, Cheramadevi.
4 Fort Vattakottai, Vattakottai.
5 Group of Sculptures Dolmens, Banagudisholai.

6 Parthasarathi Temple, Parthivapuram.
7 Rock Cut Cave, Thirunandikare.
8 Two Rock Cut Temples, Varunachimalai.
9 Valisvara Temple, Thiruvaliswaram.
10 Vivekananda Rock, Kanyakumari.


List Of Monuments in Kerala.


1 Burial Cave (Ancient site), Chowannur.
2 Burial Cave (Ancient site), Eyyal.
3 Burial Cave (Ancient site), Kakkad.
4 Burial Cave (Ancient site), Kandanaserry.
5 Burial Cave (Ancient site), Kattakambal.
6 Fort Anjengo, Trivandrum.
7 Fort Bekal, Kasargod.
8 Fort Palakkad.
9 Fort Tellicherry, Kannur.
10 Jain Temple, Sultan Battery.
11 Kodakkalluparambu, Cheramangad.
12 Mattanchery Palace, Kochi.
13 Mural Paintings on the walls of the Siva Temple, Chemmantthitta.
14 Mural Paintings of Vadakkunnatha Temple, Thrissur.
15 Mural Paintings on the walls of
Sri Rama Temple, Triprayar.

16 Remains of Fort, Kollam.
17 Rock Cut Cave, Vizhinjam.
18
Siva Temple, Avittathur.
19
Siva Temple, Netrimangalam.
20
Siva Temple, Pallimanah.
21
Siva Temple, Peruvanam.
22 Siva Temple, Thiruvallam.
23 Siva Temple, Thiruvanchikulam.
24 St. Angelo Fort, Kannur.
25 St. Francis Church, Kochi.
26 Umbrella Prehistoric site, Ariyannur.
27 Vishnu Temple, Kadavallur.

 
 

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