TICKETED MONUMENTS UNDER THRISSUR CIRCLE
BEKAL FORT (PALLIKERE) :
BRIEF HISTORY : Bekal fort is situated 16 km south of Kasargod on the national high way at the northern tip of the state. Bekal fort is one of the biggest and best-preserved forts of Kerala on the Arabian Sea shore Sivappa Nayaka of Bednore constructed the Bekal fort in 1650 A.D Some scholars suggest that Kolathiri Raja built the fort and later on reconstructed by Sivappa Nayaka (1645 AD-1660AD). Hyder Ali captured Bekal fort in 1763 AD. After the fall of Tippu Sultan in 1799 A.D, Bekal fort was incorporated in to the dominion of the British. The fort built of laterite blocks directly over the bedrock. It is roughly polygonal on plan perched on the steep bank of the sea. The northern side of the fort is surrounded by a moat. The important structures in the fort are the stepped tank, tunnel with opening towards the sea, the magazine for keeping ammunition, the sea bastion and a watchtower with a ramp. This tower is of great strategic importance giving fascinating view of the surrounding area.
Four seasons (1997-2001)of excavation conducted inside the Bekal fort brought to light significant archaeological remains which include residential blocks, a temple complex, a Durbar hall built during the period of Nayakas, a palace complex and the Mint House built during the period of Tippu Sultan, Terracotta seals of Vijayanagar period, Copper coin moulds, copper coins of Nayakas and Tippu Sultan, gold and silver ornaments. The site is a centrally protected monument under the control of Archaeological Survey of India since 1921.
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The Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Sites and Remains Act, 1958 defines an ‘ Ancient Monument ' . Ancient Monument means any structure, erection or monument, or any tumulus or place of interment, or any cave, rock-sculpture, inscription or monolith which is of historical, archaeological or artistic interest and which has been in existence for not less than 100 years .....
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Monuments under ASI Thrissur Circle
1 Fort Bekal, Pallikere
Monuments in Tamilnadu.
1 Ancient Site, Kunnathur.
2 Bagawathi Temple, Chitral.
3 Bhaktavalsala Temple, Cheramadevi.
4 Fort Vattakottai, Vattakottai.
5 Group of Sculptures Dolmens, Banagudisholai.
6 Parthasarathi Temple, Parthivapuram.
7 Rock Cut Cave, Thirunandikare.
8 Two Rock Cut Temples, Varunachimalai.
9 Valisvara Temple, Thiruvaliswaram.
10 Vivekananda Rock, Kanyakumari.
List Of Monuments in Kerala.
1 Burial Cave (Ancient site), Chowannur.
2 Burial Cave (Ancient site), Eyyal.
3 Burial Cave (Ancient site), Kakkad.
4 Burial Cave (Ancient site), Kandanaserry.
5 Burial Cave (Ancient site), Kattakambal.
6 Fort Anjengo, Trivandrum.
7 Fort Bekal, Kasargod.
8 Fort Palakkad.
9 Fort Tellicherry, Kannur.
10 Jain Temple, Sultan Battery.
11 Kodakkalluparambu, Cheramangad.
12 Mattanchery Palace, Kochi.
13 Mural Paintings on the walls of the Siva Temple, Chemmantthitta.
14 Mural Paintings of Vadakkunnatha Temple, Thrissur.
15 Mural Paintings on the walls of
Sri Rama Temple, Triprayar.
16 Remains of Fort, Kollam.
17 Rock Cut Cave, Vizhinjam.
18 Siva Temple, Avittathur.
19 Siva Temple, Netrimangalam.
20 Siva Temple, Pallimanah.
21 Siva Temple, Peruvanam.
22 Siva Temple, Thiruvallam.
23 Siva Temple, Thiruvanchikulam.
24 St. Angelo Fort, Kannur.
25 St. Francis Church, Kochi.
26 Umbrella Prehistoric site, Ariyannur.
27 Vishnu Temple, Kadavallur.