Monuments

The Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Sites and Remains Act, 1958 defines an " Ancient Monument " as follows:-

Ancient Monument means any structure, erection or monument, or any tumulus or place of interment, or any cave, rock-sculpture, inscription or monolith which is of historical, archaeological or artistic interest and which has been in existence for not less than 100 years, and includes,

  1. Remains of an ancient monument,
  2. Site of an ancient monument,
  3. Such portion of land adjoining the site of an ancient monument as may be required for fencing or covering in or otherwise preserving such monument, and,
  4. The means of access to, and convenient inspection of, an ancient monument.

The section 2(d) defines archaeological site and remains as follows:-

Archaeological site and remains means any area which contains or is reasonably believed to contain ruins or relics of historical or archaeological importance which have been in existence for not less than one hundred years, and includes,

  1. Such portion of land adjoining the area as may be required for fencing or covering in or otherwise preserving it, and,
  2. The means of access to, and convenient inspection of the area.

Protection of monuments:-

The Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) under the provisions of the AMASR Act, 1958 protects monuments, sites and remains of national importance by giving a two-month’s notice for inviting objections, if any in this regard.

After the specified two-month’s period, and after scrutinizing the objections, if any, received in this regard, the ASI makes decision to bring a monument under its protection.

There are at present more than 3650 ancient monuments and archaeological sites and remains of national importance. These monuments belong to different periods, ranging from the prehistoric period to the colonial period and are located in different geographical settings. They include temples, mosques, tombs, churches, cemeteries, forts, palaces, step-wells, rock-cut caves, and secular architecture as well as ancient mounds and sites which represent the remains of ancient habitation.

These monuments and sites are maintained and preserved through various Circles of the ASI spread all over the country. The Circles look after the research on these monuments and conservation activities, while the Science Branch with its headquarters at Dehradun carries out chemical preservation and the Horticulture Branch with its headquarters at Agra is entrusted with the laying out gardens and environmental development.

Monuments under ASI Thrissur Circle

ST. ANGELO FORT - KANNUR

In 1505 A.D. Dom Francisco d' Almeida, the first Portuguese Viceroy to India...

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ANJENGO FORT - TRIVANDRUM

Erected by the East Indian Company in A.D 1695 on the land donated by the...

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BEKAL FORT - PALLIKERE

Bekal fort is situated 16 km south of Kasargod on the national high way...

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ARIYANNUR UMBRELLAS - ARIYANNUR

Ariyannur is a megalithic site with huge umbrella-like stones...

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VATTAKKOTTAI FORT - VATTAKKOTTAI

The Vattakottai fort lies about 18 km east of Nagarkoil...

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BAGAWATI TEMPLE - CHITRAL

Chitral is a village situated about 4kms to the north east of Kulitturai...

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BHAKTAVATSALA TEMPLE - CHERANMADEVI

Cheranmadevi or Cheran- Mahadevi is located on the right...

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BURIAL CAVE - CHOWANNUR

The megalithic rock cut cave at Chowannur is situated about 3km northeast...

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BURIAL CAVE - EYYAL

The megalithic site at Eyyal is located south of Cheramangad on the...

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BURIAL CAVE KAKKAD - KUNNAMKULAM

The Megalithic burial cave at Kakkad is situated on the slope...

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BURIAL CAVE - KANDANASSERY

The Megalithic rock cut cave at Kandanassery is situated 1km south...

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BURIAL CAVE -KATTAKAMBAL

The Megalithic burial cave at Kattakambal located..

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PALAKKAD FORT - PALAKKAD

The date of the fort goes back to the medieval period. The fort...

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TELLICHERRY FORT - TELLICHERRY

Tellicherry fort was constructed by the English in A.D 1708; the fort...

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JAINA TEMPLE - SULTAN BATTERY

The present Jaina temple represents the remains of a large Jaina Basadi...

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KUDAKKALLU PARAMBU - CHERAMANGAD

Cheramanganadu is a megalithic burial site, there are many as...

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MATTANCHERRY PALACE - KOCHI

The Mattancherry palace was built by the Portuguese in 1555 A.D...

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SIVA TEMPLE - THIRUVALLAM

The Temples of Parasurama, Brahma, Siva AND Matsya - Thiruvallam...

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ROCK CUT CAVE - VIZHINJAM

This rock cut cave excavated in a boulder is located at Vizhinjam, also...

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SIVA TEMPLE - AVITTATHUR, THRISSUR

The temple is located 3 km south east of Irinjalakkuda...

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SIVA TEMPLE - CHEMMANTHITTA, THRISSUR

Siva Temple is located in Thalapilly...

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SIVA TEMPLE AT NETRIMANGALAM -PATTAMBI

It is an unfinished temple of granite upto cornice with...

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SIVA TEMPLE - PALLIMANAH

Siva temple at Pallimanah is located at about 3 km North West of...

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SIVA TEMPLE, PERUVANAM - CHERPU

Among the two shrines in the temple complex...

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SIVA TEMPLE COMPLEX - THIRUVANCHIKULAM

This is the holiest shrine for the Salivates of south India with the...

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SRI RAMASWAMI TEMPLE - THIRPRIYAR

Mural paintings on the walls of Sri. Ramaswami Temple...

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ST. FRANCIS CHURCH - KOCHI

This is one of the earliest European church in India. In 1503...

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REMAINS OF FORT - THANGASSERY

Thangassery was associated with the Chinese trade the first...

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TENKAILASANTHA TEMPLE - VADAKKUNNATHA, THRISSUR

This is a typical representing...

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VISHNU TEMPLE - KADAVALLUR

Twenty nine wooden images on the outer walls of the srikoil...

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VATTAKKOTTAI FORT - VATTAKKOTTAI

The Vattakottai fort lies about 18 km east of Nagarkoil...

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BAGAWATI TEMPLE - CHITRAL

Chitral is a village situated about 4kms to the north east of Kulitturai...

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BHAKTAVATSALA TEMPLE - CHERANMADEVI

Cheranmadevi or Cheran- Mahadevi is located on the right...

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ANCIENT SITE - KUNNATHUR

An archaeological unexcavated site dating from early...

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PARTHASARATHI TEMPLE - PARTHIVAPURAM

Parthasarathi temple was built by...

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ROCK CUT CAVE TEMPLE - THIRUNANDIKKARE

Tirunandikkare rock cut cave temple is located in the...

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VIVEKANADA ROCK - KANYAKUMARI

This memorial is on two rocky islands projecting from...

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ROCK CUT TEMPELS - THIRUMALAPURAM

Two rock cut Temples with incriptions in varunachimalai...

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VALISVARA TEMPLE - TIRUVALISVARAM

The Valisvara temple at Tiruvalisvaram lies at about 40Km...

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